Wednesday, June 26, 2013

Remembering Antoni Gaud?, groundbreaking architect and modernist

A Google doodle Tuesday celebrates the legacy of?Antoni Gaud?, the Catalan architect.

By Matthew Shaer / June 25, 2013

The Google doodle today honors the work of Spanish architect Antoni Gaud?.



The Google homepage today depicts six stylized images of monumental Spanish architecture, including the?Casa Batll?, in Barcelona, and the Casa Mila, in the?Eixample district of the same city. The doodle is an homage to the great Catalan architect ? and pioneering modernist ??Antoni Gaud?, who was born on June 25, 1852, in Reus, Catalonia, exactly 161 years ago Tuesday.?

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It is hard to understate Gaudi's impact on the world of modern art. UNESCO, which has placed several of Gaudi's buildings on its World Heritage List, from the Casa Bellesguard to the Casa Batll?, describes his contributions as helping shape 19th and 20th century?architecture and building technology:?

Gaud??s work exhibits an important interchange of values closely associated with the cultural and artistic currents of his time, as represented in el Modernisme of Catalonia. It anticipated and influenced many of the forms and techniques that were relevant to the development of modern construction in the 20th century.

Gaud? was apparently a relatively sickly child, but his convalescence, according to one online biography,?allowed him to spend "many hours contemplating nature, drawing lessons that he was to apply later in his architecture." In the late 1860s, he moved to Barcelona, initially to study teaching, but by 1873, he was enrolled in architecture school.?

Upon his graduation in 1878, Gaud? established his own architecture firm, and set about creating the works that would make his name. Perhaps his most famous early work is the Casa Vicens, a private residence in?the?Gr?cia?district of Barcelona. In the 1880s, he also completed work on the?G?ell Pavilions, which was named after?Eusebi G?ell,?Gaud?'s most steadfast patron.?

But as the website of the?Gaud? Experi?ncia museum puts it, it was in 1890 that Gaud? began to perfect "his understanding of architectural space and the applied arts, giving his work unique and unsuspected qualities that stood out from the other Modernist architecture of his day. These were Gaud?'s mature years in which a succession of master works appeared: Bellesguard Villa, Park G?ell, the restoration of Mallorca Cathedral, the church of the Col?nia G?ell, Casa Batll?, La Pedrera, and the Nativity fa?ade of the Sagrada Familia."

Gaud? received a commission to work on the?Sagrada Familia in 1883, and the grand church, with its sharp, perforated steeples and mosaic-dappled facade, became a kind of fixation for?Gaud?, who labored over the building for more than 40 long years.?

Gaud? died on June 10, 1926, after being hit by a tram in?Barcelona. Still, his legacy lives on, as does the Sagrada Familia, which remains unfinished even today, almost a century later. Earlier this year, in an interview with 60 Minutes, Gaud?'s?biographer Gijs van Hensbergen was asked to define the one thing that made?Gaud? a great artist.?

"The capacity to see space in a totally different way," Mr. van Hensbergen answered,?"to make space explode, to see a building as a sculpture rather than just as a place to live in or a roof over your head. He's someone who reinvented the language of architecture which no other architect has ever managed to do."?

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